I worked on this project for a class that I took at Carnegie Mellon University Robotics Institute called Human-Robot Interaction. Our team consisted of me, one student in the Masters of Robotics program and two students in the Masters in Tangible Media program at Carnegie Mellon University. 

OUR QUESTION

How can robot-mediated collaboration affect perceptions of creativity, willingness to collaborate and credit taken for a piece of art in humans?

Our Methods

Our study had two conditions. One where the artist collaborated with the haptic feedback device and one where they were told that they were collaborating with a human through the device. Participants were asked to paint a piece in collaboration with the robot. After they were done painting, we asked the artist to take a survey measuring their perceptions of creativity as well as their willingness to collaborate with the device and how much credit they give themselves for the art that they created. 

Background Story
To decrease bias, we told participants that they were participating in a robot-art competition with a prize of $100,000. Luckily, this competition does exist and we were able to show participants the contest's flyer to increase believability of our background story. 

Room Setup
 

  robot collaborator condition

robot collaborator condition

  human collaborator condiiton

human collaborator condiiton

Physical Setup

Final Results

  • “Human” condition participants were more consistent across the course of their collaborative task in their openness to collaborate.
  • “Human” condition perceived collaborator as more creative than robot condition.
  • Discrepancy between credit assignment and contribution perception was higher for robot condition